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Please find some of our best articles, essays, videos and reviews on this topic.

Open adoption is defined as direct contact between the adopting family and the birth family. Closed adoption (sometimes called confidential adoption) means no identifying information passes between the birth and adoptive family. What we know is that in closed adoption adoptees have grown up feeling they didn’t fit, feeling something was missing, feeling confused about where they came from and feeling it would be a betrayal of their adoptive parents and family, whom they love, to ask questions or seek information about their birth family. Open adoption developed as an answer to these haunting questions. Included here are first-person experiences of open and closed adoptions as well as expert advice for managing relationships and feelings about birth parents, with or without contact.

If your family includes adopted children of color, Pact is here for you, whatever special challenges you may be facing together—including living with the complexities of an open adoption in which contact is maintained between adoptive and birth families, or living with the complexities of an adoption in which there is no contact between the adoptive and birth families. Pact offers pre-placement consultations and placement services for prospective parents who are looking to adopt a child of color as their first choice. We also offer support for adoptive parents who have already adopted (or are considering adopting) children of color through our online chat groups, our workshops and conferences, our nationally acclaimed Pact Family Camp, one-on-one consultations focused on the special issues inherent to adoptive parenting, and regional parent-organized affiliates in Northern California, Southern California, and throughout the U.S. Become a member of Pact to take advantage of all these resources and to receive our newsletter, Pact’s Point of View, which features many articles on the intersection of adoption, parenting, and race. Pact members receive a discount at our online bookstore, which features great reads on adoption carefully selected for both adults and kids of all ages. We also recommend blogs and other online resources that we believe have the very best advice and information for adoptive families of children of color about adoption, race, and parenting.

Click to view videos related to Open Adoption/Closed Adoption.

For more topics and articles, check out our full listing on our Resource Library. If you prefer, you can use our Library Search Tool to search by title or author. All the material in this section is copyrighted by Pact; for permission to reproduce or re-post it, please contact us at

Open Adoption/Closed Adoption Articles

Open Adoption/Closed Adoption Videos

Secrecy Versus Privacy when Talking about Adoption

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The Importance of Talking About Birth Parents

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Appropriate Terminology to use when Discussing Adoption

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